Diabetes is a chronic disease with no cure. It is a metabolic disease as it affects body organs of those with the disease. A quick way to understand how diabetes comes by is that this disease is caused by varying levels of blood sugar intake by the cells. When left untreated, diabetes could bring a lot more complications to the body hence need to be managed in an early stage. There are two types of diabetes. These are type one and type two. Type 1 diabetes also known as diabetes mellitus mainly affects children. Diabetes mellitus is an immune related disease as it results to loss beta cell usually seen as a T cell autoimmune attack.
For proper treatment, one should ask a nurse on ways on how to minimize symptoms. This will help the patient control the condition through constant supervision which will help prevent both short and long term health complications. Type 1 diabetes can be managed over time. A patient should take injections of insulin every day. This can be administered using an insulin pump. For frequency of such injections, the patient should ask a nurse to guide him or her appropriately to avoid instances of an over or under dose. Patients should see their doctors on a regular basis o monitor their blood sugar levels. Either extreme in blood sugar levels could result to serious health complications. Diabetes mellitus patients need a lot of energy. They should ensure that they maintain a healthy diet by taking foods with good levels of carbohydrates, which will facilitate quick replenishment of energy into their body systems.
Regular exercise goes a long way in helping the body use the insulin properly and greatly reduces chances of heart disease. Diabetes type one patients are advised to do regular medical checkups for regular screening which will help detect any complications which may arise as a result of this disease. Patients should avoid smoking and taking alcohol as this puts them at risk of their condition deteriorating.
Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes cause by high levels of glucose in the blood. This is caused by in correct response by liver cells to insulin. As a result blood sugar is not absorbed into the cells. This will result to a condition known as hyperglycemia .If one suspects that he or she has this type of diabetes, he should ask a nurse for proper diagnosis to avoid speculations. Symptoms because of this condition are fatigue, hunger, increased thirst, increased urination, blurred vision, erectile dysfunction, pain and numbness on the hands and feet.
For proper treatment, one should ask a nurse on how to monitor safe blood sugar levels. A glucose meter is used to monitor blood sugar levels. The patient pricks his or her finger using a lancet and places the drop of blood onto a glucose meter which will give a reading on blood sugar levels. Type 2 diabetes patients should exercise regularly. This puts them at a much lesser risk of developing much more complications in future